How to Heat and Light Your Warehouse

It’s essential that when you’re working in a warehouse, it is lit and heated in a sufficient way in order for your business to run correctly and smoothly.

Without the correct lighting, your employees wouldn’t be able to complete jobs efficiently, and without the correct heating, your warehouse wouldn’t be a suitable place for your employees to be working in.

Types of Lighting

A warehouse obviously needs different kinds of lighting for the different work areas and different projects which take place there. When areas are lit up, they instantly become a much better, more comfortable working environment for your employees, and also look a lot more appealing to your customers.

It’s important to look at the type of lighting that you already have and then asses the darker areas which could do with some more brightness. You can then work out what type of lighting is needed for those areas.

Large Areas – For the larger areas in your warehouse, although there are many ‘low energy’ lighting options available, LED Warehouse lighting is a very popular choice as this type of lighting helps companies save money whilst also saving energy. Some other options would be T5 Fluorescent Tube Fixtures and Induction Lamp fixtures. Flood lights can also do the job of lighting large areas up effectively for you.

Shelves, Storage Spaces and Work Areas – For these smaller area’s within your warehouse which need their own specific lighting, you would be best to use something like festoon lights and task lights.

Special projects/carrying out tasksIt’s a good idea to keep some lanterns available in your warehouse to enable your employees to have extra light when they need to find their way around, carry out any tasks or work on any special projects.

Light Distribution

It’s essential to make sure that the lighting distribution in your warehouse is correct.

For example, if you have employees such as forklift drivers in your warehouse, they should be able to look up and down the stacks of products without having to constantly adjust their eyes to see everything clearly.

Providing an element of uplight in your warehouse will help create a better environment. If you have a white or light coloured ceiling, uplight will bounce off the ceiling to create a lighter, more illuminated area for your employees to work in.

Any lighting fixtures that you have in your warehouse should be placed above the tallest rack or pallet that you have in order to get the best lighting distribution.

In large open areas within your warehouse, where multiple tasks are performed, the ambient lighting that you may have will probably need to be added to with some additional fixtures. For example, in an open storage space where light assembly is performed, extra fluorescent lighting fixtures may need to be installed directly above the task to boost the light levels, in order for your employees to see their work more clearly.

Lighting Regulations

It’s not just a requirement to have the sufficient lighting in your warehouse, it’s also a regulation according to the HSE (Health and Safety Executive).

They say “Employees are required to have arrangements in place to cover Health & Safety. This includes lighting which needs to be suitable and adequate to meet the requirements of the work place.” – (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992.

Types of Heating

It’s important to ensure that your warehouse is well heated throughout the winter to make sure your employees have a suitable working area.

As the colder days and nights begin to come in, your warehouse will probably require to be warmed up. Some warehouses will need the whole place warming up, and others will just need particular areas warming up.

There’s a number of different ways that you can heat your warehouse. These include Direct Fuel Heaters, Indirect Fuel Heaters and Electric Heaters. HSS offer all of these heating options to hire.

Direct Fuel Heaters

Direct fuel heaters have a high volume heating capacity which makes them ideal for heating workplaces with large open spaces, i.e. Warehouses.

You’d need to keep these typed of heaters in ventilated areas as they add moisture to the air during the heating process.

LPG Blower Heater – These are mobile direct fired, fan assisted propane heaters with the power to heat large spaces quickly, therefore making them ideal for industrial and on-site use. They have a controllable output and also have overheat and flame failure cut-outs.

LPG Catalytic Heater – These are mobile heaters used in places like schools, hospitals, shops, offices and homes. So, if you have a working office area within your warehouse, you could use one of these. They run off a butane cylinder and have an optional front guard.

LPG Site Heater – These heaters are both simple and economical to run. They are standard propane fired convector heaters and would be ideal for your warehouse. They’re also used for factories and for drying out buildings. They have a convected heat output of up to 25 kW per hour and need no electrical supply.

Paraffin Blower Heater – These simple to use heaters are suitable for paraffin or diesel fuel. They’re trolley mounted and provide instant heat on demand. They have safety features such as flame failure and overheat protection with low temperature outer casing. An electrical supply is required to power the fan.

Indirect Fuel Heaters

As well as been used to dry buildings during construction or after flooding by pumping large volumes of warm, clean, dry air into the space without raising the relative humidity of the room, Indirect Fuel Heaters are brilliant for heating large open spaces such as warehouses.

72kW Indirect Oil Fired Heater – These indirect heaters provide large volumes of clean, warm, dry air to large spaces such as halls, marquees and areas where people are present. They’re ideally suited to areas where ventilation is limited or where there is a risk to combustible materials. These indirect heaters can also be used for drying applications. You’d get your best results using them in conjunction with dehumidifiers. They can be placed outside and have the heat ducted in.

LPG Radiant Heater – These heaters provide a massive 26kW of heat per hour. These extremely powerful, propane powered heaters would be perfect to heat your warehouse. They’re also used for factories and other large open spaces. They can run continuously for up to 30 hours from a single 47kg propane cylinder. They’re mounted on four rubber tyres making them easy to manoeuvre between different locations.

Electric Heaters

There’s a range of different electric heaters that you can get to heat your industrial environment. These range from infra-red and long wave heating to industrial 3-phase blowers and fan heaters. A lot of Electric Heaters are usually used to just heat specific areas in work places.

Industrial Infra-Red Heater – These are ideal for heating specific areas in your warehouse. They give out instant, warm, radiant heat and can project heat up to 6 metres. They also have single or twin heat settings.

Commercial Infra-Red Heater – If you have any small working areas which would be classed as ‘clean’ areas within your warehouse, maybe places such as offices, these stylish heaters provide instant, fume free heat up to 6 metres. They use anti-glare halogen bulbs. They’re very portable and easy to move around.

Swivel Infra-Red Heater – These 3kW heaters have a fully rotational head enabling you to direct heat precisely where it’s required. This makes them ideal for heating any specific, awkward locations. They’re very portable and have single or twin heat settings.

Longwave Heater – These infra-red heaters are recommended for the areas where people are actually working. The heat is generated from no glow ceramic elements, rather than by the infra-red source itself.

Radiator Heater – These radiator heaters are twice as efficient as traditional radiators. They are oil filled and produce up to 2,000W of heat. They’ll keep any small offices, domestic rooms or even site huts within or around your warehouse warm and comfortable. They have a choice of 3 heat settings, luminous pilot lights and an integrated humidifier.

Retail Heater – These fans are particularly useful for places like retail outlets where safety is key. So, if there’s any certain areas in your warehouse that are more occupied than others, this type of heater could be ideal. They are 2.8kW, have low noise, overheat protection, an adjustable angle base and thermostatically controlled heat. They also have ‘automatic tip-over cut out’ to protect against accidental toppling of product.

3-Phase Blower Heater – These portable industrial fans produce 9kW, 13kW or 18kW of heat. They would be perfect for heating your warehouse with the three-phase supply. A little tip for this heater to prevent heat build-up, would be to run it in ‘fan only’ mode.

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About the Author

Lauren King

Lauren works in our Ecommerce Team, with over 6 years of experience at HSS. She brings product knowledge and is able to give her advice on the right tool for the job no matter how big or small.

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