June is a busy month when it comes to your garden; there are many jobs to do from lawn maintenance to preparing your social areas for summer. In addition to some of the more general garden tasks for June; it is the perfect time to be preparing your fruit and vegetable patch. By the end of June, the risk of frost has passed, and you can start thinking about sowing seeds outdoors as well as indoors. Whilst you will have already began sowing seeds such as tomatoes and herbs; there are so many other options which you can begin to sow in June. To ensure you’re making the most of this period; here are our top gardening tips for June when it comes to your vegetable patch.
Seeds to Sow in June
Beetroot is a great vegetable to grow if you are starting out with your own vegetable garden; it is a good, easy to grow option. They don’t require much encouragement to germinate and once they have, they are easy to maintain. Beetroot can be sown both indoors and outdoors in June once the risk of frost has passed.
June is the last opportunity to sow sweetcorn. Again, it can now be sown directly outside if you are going to; make sure to sow sweetcorn in blocks rather than rows for successful pollination. You can protect your seedlings from pests with cloches; make your own using plastic drink bottles.
In June, cucumbers can be sown outdoors however make sure to protect them with cloches’ or a cold frame.
Carrots are a great crop to raise from seed as they are fairly easy to grow. In June, carrots can be sown outdoors. For more variety you could consider also planting ‘Yellowstone’ carrots.
To Plant in June
Chillies and Peppers
At the end of June, you can begin to move chill and pepper plants which have been raised indoors to outside. Make sure to cover them on cold days and at night whilst temperatures are lower.
Cabbage and Cauliflower
In June you can plant summer, autumn and red cabbages as well as autumn and winter cauliflowers. All these types of vegetables grow quite large, so they need outdoor space; make sure not to crowd them when planting.
Celery can be planted in June; make sure to plant self-blanching types in closely spaced blocks and trench varieties in prepared celery trenches. As with other vegetables make sure to protect from frost and pests as necessary.
Courgettes, pumpkins and other squashes can be planted outside in soil which is enriched with organic matter. Young plants should be protected with cloches; they should be well waters and kept free of pests such as slugs.
Plants to Harvest in June
You can start harvesting asparagus in June; make sure to harvest with a sharp knife, cutting them just below the surface of soil once they get to about 5-7 inches in length. You should cook and eat them as soon as possible so they stay fresh.
You can begin to harvest garlic in June. The first heads which appear still green are excellent if used straight away as they have a milder taste.
Spinach is a crop which can be cut and will still come back. Therefore, you can continue to pick spinach leaves as you please. Young leaves are perfect for salad whereas bigger, older, leaves work best cooked.
You should be able to begin harvesting some spring onions which were planted earlier in spring, especially if the weather has been particularly mild.
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